The Czech Republic

22. června 2010 v 15:02 | Darkened |  Přehled k maturitě - Angličtina
- is situated in hearth of Europe
- neighbouring countries: Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Poland
- capital - Prague
- consists of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia
- currency - czech crown
- inhabitants - Czechs, 10 mil.
- area of 78 864 km2
- the state flag is consists of two horizontal stripes (white on the top and red in the bottom) and a blue wedge
- the state anthem is the song Where is my home by František Škroup
- internationa organizations - United Nations, Europe Union (joined in 2004), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (joined in 1999)
- IMF (International Monetary Fund), the World bank, OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Developement)
- highest mountain - Sněžka
- mountain ranges - the Giant mountains (Krkonoše), The Ore mountains (Krušné hory), the Eagle mountains (Orlické hory), the bohemian Forest, The Beskyd mountains, the Jeseník mountains, Bohemian-Moravian highlands (Českomoravská vrchovina)
- rivers - the Elbe (Labe) - tributary Vltava (dam Lipno)
- important cities - Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň
- humid continental climate - difference between winter and summer temperatures are high
Political situation
- democratic republic
- parliamentary democracy
- bodies - legislative branch - Parliament
- executive branch - Government
- judicial branch - Courts
- President
- head of the state
- elected by the Parliament, can be elected twice
- Chief of military forces
- signs a bill before it becomes a law
- appoint judges, Ministers
- Parliament
- upper house - the Senate - 81 senators, can serve 6 year term
- lower house - Chamber of deputies - 200 members, can serve 4 year term
- elected in popular vote
- citizens of the Czech Republic are eligible to vote at the age of 18 years
- Government
- the political party eho wins the majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies creates the Government
- Ministers are chosen by Prime Minister and appointed by President
- Ministry of justice / army / foreign affairs / education/ ...
- Courts
- highest court of appeal - Supreme Court
- Constitutional Court
- Supreme Administrative Court
- political parties
- ODS - Civic democratic party
- ČSSD - Czech social democratic party
- KSČM - Communist party of Bohemia and Moravia
- KDU-ČSL - Christian democratic union - Czech People´s Party
- Zelení - Green party
The Velvet revolution
- - 17. 11. 1989 - demonstrations and strikes organized by students against brutality of communist regime
- → freedom of speech
- → people can travel abroad before the permission
- → Czechoslovakia became a democratic state
- → highly centralized economic system turned into system based on free trade and voucherprivatization was made
Prague
- astronomical clock - orloj
- the Charles bridge - St. John of Nepomuk
- Prague castle
- Old Time Square - Staroměstské náměstí
- Wenceslas square
- the Cathedral of St. Vitus
- the National theatre
- the Lesser town square
- Jewish Quarter
- Municipal House - Obecní dům
- observation tower Petřín
- Vyšehrad
- Golden Lane - Zlatá ulička
- Nerudova street
 

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